Baby colics is one of the first frustrating issue new parents face with their infant after delivery ,usually most infants normally cry two to three hours per day, but this is usually spread out during the 24-hour period. Also when colicky babies cry they may clench their fists when crying, curl up their legs or seem like they are in pain. They may even turn bright red from crying. When this crying lasts for more than 3 hours a day and happens at least 3 days per week for more than 3 weeks, it's called colic. Colicky babies usually get fussy toward the end of the day, but colic can happen at any time. It is also important to remember that not all fussy babies suffer from colic.
What causes colic?
No one is sure what causes colic yet. Babies who have colic are typically healthy, so it's not caused by a medical problem.
How long will the colic last?
Infantile colic typically begins at about 2 to 3 weeks of age, reaches its peak at 2 months, begins to subside by the age of 3 months, and is gone by 3 ½ to 4 months of age.
When to seek medical help?
While there are no tests that can be done to make sure that your baby has colic you should pay the doctor a visit because it is very important to exclude other causes of sudden-onset screaming in a newborn such as intestinal blockage or obstruction, abdominal infection, a hernia, a scratch of the baby's eye, an ear infection, a bladder infection, and others.
What can I do to help my baby stop crying?
You can try a number of things to soothe your baby. These may include changing the way you feed or hold your baby, but first of all you have to check for a cause of discomfort like make sure the baby is not cold, is not hungry, and is changed often enough.
Changes in feeding that may help baby colic
-Do not overfeed! Stick to your baby's regular feeding schedule of timing and amount of milk taken, as measured in the bottle
-Try feeding your baby if more than 2 hours have passed since the last feeding. Feed your baby more often and less at a time.
-If you feed your baby formula, your family doctor might suggest trying a different brand. Warming the formula to body temperature before a feeding may also help.
-Try using a nipple with a smaller hole on the bottle if a bottle feeding takes less than 20 minutes. Avoid feeding your baby too quickly.
Holding the baby in a different way
Sometimes babies who have colic will respond to different ways of being held or rocked.
Hold your baby across your lap and massage his or her back.
Hold your baby upright. This will help if your baby has gas.
Hold your baby while walking.
If simple things don't work, you could try a medicine called simethicone drops, also Probiotics drops may be helpful. Ask your pediatrician about the best option for your baby.